Keloid scars are an overgrowth of fibrous scar tissue at the site of traumatic skin damage. As a rule, keloids occur on the face, neck, upper body. It is dense, sometimes itchy, formed in the connective tissue swelling of the skin, which, with burns or inoculations, can turn into scars and scars. Keloids can be single, but sometimes cover larger areas of the body. It is also characteristic that the skin in those places is much thinner, the hair ceases to grow on it.
- Dense swelling of the skin is bluish-red, arising from illness or traumatic skin damage.
- First, the itch and pain appear on the scar formation site when pressing.
Causes of Keloids
Typically, such scars occur after wound healing or due to skin disease. In some people, scars form for no apparent reason. In this case, education data are called spontaneous keloid scars. It is assumed that the propensity to keloids is congenital. In addition, there is a group of genetic diseases characterized by deficiency or change in collagen, in which the wound healing process is very slow, and after healing, there are keloid scars.
Keloid scars treatment
If the scars are small and do not cause discomfort, then they do not need to be treated. However, there are many different methods of treatment. With unblocked keloids, the forecast is favorable. Sometimes it is possible to completely get rid of scars by treatment with glucocorticoid drugs - scars are smeared with ointment containing glucocorticoids, or their solution is injected into the scar. If localization of keloids allows, then a pressure bandage can be applied on them.
To soften the old bulging scars, you can use classical massage, having pre-lubricated them with appropriate ointments. Finally, scars can be removed by an operative method. However, in most cases this is impractical, because Later on the place of the old keloid scar is formed a new one.
It is forbidden to treat such scars independently. If there is a need for treatment of keloid scars, you should consult a doctor. Only he can decide which method of treatment will be most effective.
Usually, the doctor during the recovery from surgery observes the healing process of the wound, so he may notice the formation of a keloid scar at an early stage and take appropriate measures.
Course of the disease
Usually keloid scars are formed after injuries. They appear a few weeks after the healing of skin damage, and after a few months or even years turn into scars (swelling of the skin that form in the connective tissue). First, only itching appears, and then a strong reddening of the skin. If the keloids occupy a large area of the skin, then it is possible to limit the mobility of the joint underneath. Later, scars can become condensed.
Keloid scars are benign seals, i.e. They are not dangerous in themselves. However (depending on the size and location) keloids can cause mental trauma, as they can greatly disfigure the human body. In addition, if new lesions occur on the keloid site, their healing takes place very hard, which can be dangerous for human life.