Warts - outgrowths of the skin or mucous membrane in the form of keratinized or soft nodules, formed during the growth of the epidermis and papillary dermis. Warts are quite common skin disease, they are like benign neoplasms that can appear on the skin everywhere. But over time, with the wrong treatment, these tumors can become malignant. Depending on the method, time and place of origin of the warts are of several types:
- Ordinary warts - are found most often, are hemispherical, dense formations of corporal or grayish color with a rough surface. Most often occur in children on the back of the hands, fingers, around the edges of the nails, less often on other parts of the body.
- Condylomas (pointed warts) - arise in the area of the anus or genitals. These are small, soft papillae of pink or red color. Sometimes they, growing and merging, form lobed outgrowths resembling cauliflower.
- Plantar - compaction of horny masses on the sole, resembling corn, usually with a sharp pain when walking.
- Threadlike - as a rule, these are long, soft papillae with an uneven surface that appear on the face, neck, and ears of older people.
- Finger-shaped - have the appropriate shape, appear on the scalp and near the hair growth line.
- Ordinary warts: small dense nodules.
- Seniors: round brown plaques covered with horny mass.
- Juvenile: small flat plaques.
- Plantar: painful compaction of horny masses on the sole.
- Condylomas: similar to cauliflower.
Warts of all kinds are caused by viruses of the family of papovaviruses. Pathogens are transmitted by direct contact with the patient or through contaminated objects. Therefore, the danger of infection exists always and everywhere. In addition, neither antibiotics nor any other medicines act on them. Not always after infection, the symptoms characteristic of the disease appear. Factors causing the occurrence of warts, until the end is not yet clear. It is assumed that the influence has a weakened immune system, unable to cope with the viruses. Other causes are psychosomatic illnesses and disorders. In view of this, it is often possible to get rid of warts by completely unusual, unconventional methods, for example, suggestion, "conspiracies". However, in the treatment of warts, the patient's belief in success is important, sometimes they disappear spontaneously.
Treatment of warts is not always necessary. If warts that are in easy places (for example, on the palms or feet) cause discomfort and pain, then only in this case they need to be removed. In addition, the removal of warts is recommended to eliminate the cosmetic defect, because People because of these nodules often experience psychological discomfort.
Despite the fact that there are many folk remedies, only specialists should deal with the removal of warts.
Usually, warts are not dangerous and there is no need to remove them. However, if a lot of warts appear in a short time, if they become inflamed or spread, it is necessary to consult a doctor, since the cause of these phenomena can be a skin disease.
There are many methods of wart removal, for example, surgical method, irradiation, moxibustion or cryotherapy (cold exposure), however, only a doctor can apply them. For this purpose, it is best to consult a dermatologist.
This method is used to remove single, easily accessible warts, if they can not be eliminated in another way. However, all surgical methods of treatment have one drawback: after them, scars remain. This method of treatment is used in exceptional cases, since about a third of patients warts again grow or appear new. The operation itself is very simple and is performed under local anesthesia: the wart is removed with an electric loop or the so-called acute spoon. Sometimes a doctor uses tweezers and small sharp tweezers for this purpose, more rarely a scalpel. The advantages of using an electric loop are that blood vessels overlap when cauterized and blood contaminated with viruses does not enter. From this point of view, the effective use of laser therapy. After the operation, which is carried out on an outpatient basis, the patient can immediately go home. Of course, in a few days he needs to see a doctor who will determine how much the operation was effective.
When this method is applied, the wart is lubricated with a cauterizing (corrosive, chemical burn) liquid. The most commonly used is concentrated acetic or trichloroacetic acid. A doctor with a special wand with cotton wool soaked in a liquid, lubricates warts. Lubricate carefully, because the acid should never get on a healthy skin (this will cause a burn). In order to avoid scarring, the tissues around the wart are covered with a layer of petroleum jelly or zinc paste. Sometimes the procedure of cauterization must be repeated again. Then the wart dries up and disappears. Instead of tincture, you can use pastes and pencils, which include cauterizing substances. Often used salicylic patch.
To "cauterize" the cold, the doctor uses a liquid that evaporates very quickly from the skin, while the temperature of surrounding tissues is greatly reduced. For this purpose, ether is used most often, and sometimes liquid nitrogen, whose temperature is -210 ° C. The liquid on the plaque is applied with the help of spray guns. These substances quickly freeze the wart and its tissues die.
When warts are irradiated (for example, by X-rays, ultraviolet or microwave rays), it is not always possible to achieve the proper effect. This treatment method is used only in exceptional cases, because When irradiating warts, it is possible to degenerate its tissues into malignant ones.
Course of the disease
The growth of the horny layer of the skin appears for no particular reason. Sometimes warts pass by themselves. It often happens during puberty.