Vegetative dystonia is a syndrome that includes various in origin and manifestations of somatic function disorders due to the disorder of their vegetative regulation. The striated and smooth muscles of the walls of the human blood vessels are somewhat strained - this natural muscle tension is called muscle tonus. Thanks to the muscle tone, the heart rhythmically contracts, the arteries widen and narrow. If the process of natural tension and muscle relaxation breaks, dystonia occurs. If such a violation of physical regulation causes the autonomic nervous system, then this condition is called vegetative dystonia.
The autonomic nervous system (VNS) innervates all internal organs. It is regulated regardless of our will. VNS infection can be caused by a disease of the nervous system, for example, Parkinson's disease. However, the most common disorder associated with dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system is vegetative dystonia. The consequences of these disorders are especially felt in the cardiovascular system.
Causes of pathology development
Vegetative dystonia is a violation of the functioning of the body. With careful examination, pathological changes in the organs are not detected. This violation is functional, not organic.
Today it is proved that the origin of autonomic dystonia is influenced by psychological factors. This disorder is classified as a group of mental disorders and is called somatoform autonomic dysfunction.
- Pressure in the heart, heart palpitations.
- Chills or increased sweating.
- Headache. Dizziness. Nausea.
- Pressure in the stomach.
- Dysfunction of the intestine.
- Anxiety. Irritability.
- Volatility of mood.
- Fear. Insomnia.
The main somatic symptoms of this ailment are: headache, breathing disorder, back and back pain, dysfunction of the stomach and bladder, nausea, dizziness, in women - menstrual cycle disorders. Patients are depressed, restless, easily excitable, they often have sexual problems. They feel constantly tired or suffer from insomnia.
With pronounced symptoms of vegetative dystonia, the doctor will prescribe sedatives and advise the patient to consult a psychotherapist or psychologist.
How to help yourself? If the symptoms of the disease are not so pronounced, then you can try to calm down and relax yourself. In this case, long walks in the fresh air and regular autogenous training can help.
If symptoms of the disease increase, you should consult a doctor.
The doctor will examine the patient and perform the necessary studies to exclude the presence of organic disease. With pronounced symptoms, he temporarily prescribes sedatives. However, the goal of treatment is to restore psychological balance. The doctor will recommend to reduce stress and to address to the psychotherapist.
Each patient has this disease manifested in different ways. Usually, the symptoms of the disease occur with great emotional stress and fatigue. Often vegetative dystonia is manifested when the hormonal balance in the body changes, for example, during puberty, pregnancy or in the menopause.
To prevent these ailments, you must avoid stress and do not overwork at work. Should be abandoned alcohol and nicotine, tk. They increase the symptoms of the disease. This disorder is caused by high demands at work, prolonged overexertion and various social problems.