Endemic goiter


Endemic goiter is the disease of the whole body, the main symptom of which is the enlargement of the thyroid gland. It is located on the front of the neck, below the larynx. The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system of the body that produces hormones. Getting into the blood, hormones affect the metabolism, growth, nervous system, the general constitution of man, etc. For the production of hormones, the thyroid gland needs iodine, if it is not enough, it increases. Endemic goiter is formed. Over time, there may be nodes (nodular goiter). Treatment is medication, in severe cases - surgical.

Symptoms of endemic goiter

  • Thyroid enlargement.
  • Hoarseness and shortness of breath.
  • Edema of eyelids, palms.
  • Changing the voice.
  • Pale, cold and dry skin.
  • Constipation.
  • Fatigue.
  • Anemia.

Causes of endemic goiter

It is proved that the higher the locality is above the sea level, the less iodine in the air, drinking water and food. This is the main factor. Deficiency of iodine in the body aggravates unfavorable living conditions, helminthic invasion, etc.

Treatment of endemic goiter

There are three main clinical forms of the disease, the method of their treatment is different. But in most cases, resort to drugs, additionally prescribed thyroid hormones, as well as a diet with enough vitamins. With timely treatment started, there is a possibility of a reduction in the gland. Sometimes resort to surgical intervention. Indication is the mechanical squeezing of the goiter of neighboring organs and malignant degeneration of the thyroid gland.

With endemic goiter, it's impossible to help yourself. But do not let it develop in your power.

As soon as just below the larynx begins to form a kind of pouch (goiter), you should immediately consult a doctor. Small changes can be seen by looking in the mirror (for example, when swallowing saliva).

First of all, the blood from the vein is taken for analysis. Metabolism studies are carried out, the functional activity of the thyroid gland is determined. If necessary, perform an ultrasound examination and tissue biopsy.

Course of the disease

The main sign of the disease is an increase in the thyroid gland. Can be expressed in different degrees and have a different consistency of goiter. Depending on the clinical form, other symptoms may appear: sweating, irritability, weight loss, anemia, pallor, increased sensitivity to cold, menstrual irregularities, edema of the eyelids, difficulty swallowing.

Is endemic goiter dangerous?

If there is no timely treatment, goiter may increase greatly in size. If you live in an area where there is a lack of iodine, then consume more vitamins, watch for food.

In many localities, I feel a lack of iodine. It is not enough in the air, drinking water, products. In this case, seafood should be included in the diet.


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