About hypothyroidism - the weakening of the thyroid gland is usually spoken in cases where the iron produces an insufficient amount of hormones. This leads to a metabolic disorder.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism
- Impaired cardiac function.
- Hypersensitivity to cold.
- Weakness, drowsiness, apathy.
- Dryness of the skin.
- Mortification of the throat.
- Weight gain.
Causes of hypothyroidism
One of the causes of hypothyroidism is the inflammation of the thyroid gland (thyroiditis). Usually it is autoimmune in nature or manifested after some kind of organic infection. Weakening of the function occurs after removal of the gland or treatment with radioactive iodine, as well as with the use of thyreostatics. Lowering the function of the thyroid gland can occur in the fetus even in the womb of the mother. One of the severe forms of this congenital disorder is cretinism (Latin cretinismus - dementia). Probably and congenital aplasia (absence) of a thyroid gland. Sometimes there is a temporary lack of hormones in the cessation of hormonal treatment. In adults, weakening the function of the thyroid gland can lead to its tightening and enlargement (the struma). Possible and secondary changes in the thyroid gland: with cancer, after injury, with brain tumors.
Treatment of hypothyroidism
Theoretically, treatment of a weakened thyroid function is not difficult - the patient should be prescribed the missing hormones. In fact, there are difficulties, because Sometimes patients forget to take a hormone or believe that it is not necessary to consume hormones constantly, for a long period, but only during a period of exacerbation. When hormones are used, their concentration in the blood should be monitored.
Patients with a diagnosis of a decreased function of the thyroid gland are characterized by apathy, lethargy. If you notice signs of hypothyroidism in your loved ones or friends, be sure to advise them to see a doctor, they usually do not.
With a constant feeling of cold, lethargy, dry skin, swelling of the face, and also with a drop in weight, you should consult a doctor.
To diagnose this disease a doctor can by the appearance of the patient, his movements, facial expressions, manner of speaking. The degree of severity and causes of the disease is established with the help of additional studies.
Course of the disease
It may take several years until signs of a weakening of the thyroid function are finally manifested. One of the first signs of a violation is an increased sensitivity to the cold-the person is constantly cold, even in a fairly warm room. There is general weakness, apathy. The patient is characterized by slowness, difficulty in thinking and concentration of attention, indifference to everything that is happening around. Women often complain of skin changes: it has become dry, faded, noticeably coarse. Fingernails become fingernails or nails and hair. There may be a violation of the menstrual cycle. The swelling of the vocal cords and the tongue leads to a slow, fuzzy speech. Patients are suffering from insomnia, internal anxiety, depression.
Patients taking hormones should not think that tomorrow their well-being will improve significantly. Sometimes the hormonal balance is normalized only a few months after the start of treatment.
Prevention of hypothyroidism
For a long time, iodine was used prophylactically, which does not directly protect against the possibility of weakening thyroid function, but helps maintain it in a healthy state. Thus, it is possible to prevent the appearance of a string. This is important for residents of regions with a lack of iodine in water and air.
Struma (goiter) can appear with weakening or strengthening the activity of the thyroid gland. When iodine deficiency increases thyroid gland develops goiter. Proven preventive means is iodized edible salt.