Endocrinology

Dysfunction of the male sex glands

What is the dysfunction of the male sex glands? Eggs are a pair of ovoid glands. The function of the testicles is the formation of male sex cells-spermatozoa, as well as the release into the blood of male sex hormones, which form secondary sexual characteristics. Violation of a function of the testicles is the cause of infertility in men, as well as the violation of the hormonal balance of the whole organism. With this violation, both or one testicle can be affected. Congenital dysfunction of testicles Violations of the function of male sex glands are divided into congenital and acquired. One of the most common congenital anomalies is the absence of one or both testicles. It is...

Несахарный диабет

Non-diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disease that arises from the lack of an antidiuretic (vasopressive) hormone of the pituitary gland. Violation of kidney function leads to an increase in the amount of urine released per day (up to 40 liters). A person loses a lot of fluid. Dehydration of tissues develops with the subsequent dryness of the mucous membranes of the skin. In the body, the sodium level rises, which also leads to severe consequences. Symptoms of diabetes insipidus Increase in the amount of urine released per day (up to 40 liters). Strong thirst. Dry mouth. Strong urge to urinate. Sometimes diarrhea (in young children). Possible hypovolemic shock. Causes of...

Addison's disease

Addison's disease is a very rare disease characterized by inadequate secretion of corticosteroid hormones by the adrenal glands. However, when treating with hormones, the patient's condition can be stabilized, and the disease does not progress. The truth in severe cases of a patient's life can be threatened. The weakened function of the cortical layer of the adrenal glands is a violation of the function of the adrenal glands, in which a small amount of hormones are produced in the cortical layer, and adrenal insufficiency is manifested. The disease can be acute and chronic (it is the chronic course of the disease and is called Addison's disease). Symptoms of Addison's Disease...

Gone

Gout (literally from the Greek - "trap for feet") is caused by a metabolic disorder with an increase in the content of uric acid in the body and deposition of it in tissues, primarily in cartilage and joints. Symptoms of gout Acute pain in the metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe, occurring mainly at night. The joint swells, the skin around it blushes. Causes of gout Often gout is a hereditary disease. Symptoms can not be observed for a long time. Men aged 40-50 years suffer from gout more often than women. Attacks proceed differently. Excessive eating of meat, by-products and alcohol abuse also contribute to the development of gout. Gout is also observed in patients with...

Porphyry

Porphyria is affected by a metabolic disorder in the liver or the inability to reproduce the blood pigment in the bone marrow, or heme, an important substance for liver enzymes. Porphyria is a generalized name for diseases caused by a disorder in the metabolism and biosynthesis of heme in the body. When there is a shortage of different enzymes in the heme biosynthesis chain, protoporphyrin and iron accumulate in the erythrocytes. There are many different forms of porphyria, most of them are inherited. Most often it is an acute intermittent hepatic porphyria. Disease is an inherited enzyme defect. However, its symptoms are inherent in almost half of all those who suffer from this disease....