Erysipelas

Medicine1

Eyelid, or traumatic, wound - inflammation of the skin caused by streptococcal bacteria. In the lymphatic system, pathogens are introduced through wounds on the skin. Less often the erysipelas develops from a deeply located inflammatory focus, for example, a furuncle, an abscess or a joint with an abscess or inflammatory lesion. The patient begins fever, there are painful redness and swelling of the skin with clear boundaries. Most often, erysipelas are observed on the hands, face and lower leg.

Symptoms

  • High body temperature (up to 40 ° C).
  • Chills.
  • Painful reddening with clear boundaries.
  • On the spot, the skin is edematous and hot.
  • Sometimes bubbles appear.
  • Places of defeat - the face and lower legs.

The incubation period is very short - several hours, sometimes 2-3 days. Then the sharp progression of the disease begins: the patient is very feverish, there is a headache, weakness. Later, signs of skin damage are observed. Often with a face on the lips formed bubbles. At the site of the lesion, in addition to the swelling of the skin with clear boundaries, there is a rapidly spreading reddening of the skin. She shines, becomes tense, hot and extremely painful. The more loose the subcutaneous connective tissue, the greater the edema.

If the pathogens infect nerves, meninges, kidneys, ears or other organs, inflammation can sometimes begin in these places, sometimes causing severe residual effects. The disease can be complicated by abscess, phlegmon, inflammation of lymph nodes, infection of blood. Infection of the erysipelas is extremely dangerous for young children, and in some cases even fatal! Avoid complications only with timely treatment. If you have symptoms, you should immediately call your doctor.

Causes

As a rule, the wounds through which streptococci penetrate enter into erysipelas, small, for example, it can be damaged corners of the lips or skin of the shin. Particularly easily bacteria are introduced into the human body through trophic ulcers of the shin. Usually erysipelas are observed in patients with weakened immune system. It is necessary to differentiate the erysipelas from erysipeloid - very similar to it, carried by animals. This disease affects mainly the meat and fish industry workers.

Treatment

When the first symptoms of erysipelas should immediately consult a doctor. First of all, he will prescribe medicines with bactericidal action. Often the patient has to be treated in a hospital (until the fever and redness of the skin passes).

The disease is treated with antibiotics, sulfonamides and other medications. Taking medication ensures a quick recovery of the patient. However, if he has a predisposition to face, the disease can be repeated.

Usually the patient recovers. But sometimes the course of the disease is very difficult (for example, in case of untimely treatment, the infection affects the internal organs). The disease can be complicated by an abscess, inflammation of lymph nodes and meninges, infection of blood.

Prevention

It is necessary to urgently treat diseases that favor infection (for example, foot fungus or trophic ulcers of the shin). Patients with diabetes should strictly follow the diet. This will help to avoid the appearance of ulcers. It is important to properly handle even minor wounds - so you can prevent infection.

 

Related:
1. Typhoid fever
2. Trichomoniasis
3. Toxoplasmosis
4. Frambezia
5. Cholera