Gonorrhea is one of the most common diseases transmitted predominantly through sexual contact. Infectious agents primarily affect the urethra, and then other organs. In women, pathogens can enter the fallopian tubes through the cervix, and in case of non-observance of personal hygiene - into the rectum. In men, the prostate gland, seminal vesicles, seminal cord, sometimes an epididymis is affected. The first symptom of gonorrhea is a burning sensation and pain in the urethra when urinating. In women, the disease often occurs almost asymptomatically, in men the disease begins acutely.
- Burning sensation in the urethra.
- Women have abdominal pain.
- Pain when urinating. Purulent discharge.
In men, the first symptoms of gonorrhea occur 2-3 days after infection. First, with micturition, there is a slight pain, then it becomes worse. After a few hours, mucus begins to form from the urethra, and then pus. In women, the incubation period is 2-5 days. First there is pain and burning sensation when urinating, then purulent yellowish-brown discharge. Inflammation of the uterus and fallopian tubes is accompanied by severe pain in the lower abdomen. With proper treatment, the patient recovers in one to two months. If after this time the infection does not disappear, the disease becomes chronic. In this case, the indisposition is less pronounced, but the patient's contagiousness remains.
The causative agent of gonorrhea is the gonococcus. They settle in the cells of the mucous membrane of the urethra and cause inflammation. At sexual contact they are transferred to the partner. Gonococcus is unstable in the external environment, it quickly dies in the air, so the probability of infection through washcloths, towels and other toiletries is very small.
Penicillin acts on the bacteria. If a patient is allergic to this drug, then other antibiotics are prescribed instead.
The best remedy for gonorrhea is a condom, as well as the exclusion of casual sex. If this disease and treatment are infected, resumption of sexual activity is permissible only with the permission of the doctor.
When should I see a doctor? To the doctor it is necessary to address at an itch in an urethra, a burning sensation and a pain at an emiction, frequent desires to an emiction, presence of vydeleny. To avoid complications, the doctor should be treated as soon as possible.
When a doctor suspects of gonorrhea, the doctor examines the genital secretion for the content of pathogens. However, the doctor will ask, from whom the patient could get infected and whether he entered into sexual relations after infection. If the answer is positive, then people who have had sexual intercourse with the patient are advised to see a doctor. In Ukraine, the right to anonymous treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhea, is guaranteed. At the same time, the law provides for even criminal liability for malicious evasion of the treatment of venereal diseases, as well as for the deliberate infection of the sexual partner with a venereal disease. Treatment of gonorrhea should be done only by a specialist. The success of treatment depends on the rational use of antibiotics, immunotherapy, local treatment and physiotherapy procedures.
The lack of treatment can lead to infertility in both men and women. Penetration of pathogens into the blood can cause inflammation of joints and tendon sheaths, and in rare cases - infection of blood (sepsis).
If you have gonorrhea, report it to your sexual partners. Hiding it from them would be irresponsible. If a person, knowing about his illness, has sexual intercourse, then according to the law he can be charged for deliberately infecting a sexual partner.