What is drug dependence?
The human body constantly has a big load. It must actively defend itself against pathogens of various diseases (infections, pathogens, etc.), overcome severe mental and physical stress, and much more. If the body itself is not able to cope with the problem, it can help drugs. However, each drug causes an undesirable side effect, which can be quite severe. It depends on the nature of the medicinal effect and on the physical condition of the person at the time of taking the medicine. The extremely serious side effect of many drugs is drug dependence. With prolonged use of drugs, the human body can get used to them, then to achieve the desired effect, it will be necessary to increase the dose of the drug. Over time, a painful attraction to a particular medication develops, a psychic and, later, physical dependence arises.
Symptoms of Drug Dependence
- Obsessive desire to use a certain medicine.
- Loss of control over the situation.
- Fear of discontinuing medication.
- Mental and physical dependence.
- Change of personality.
Causes of drug dependence
With prolonged use of certain specific groups of drugs, there is a great risk of drug dependence:
- Drugs that act on the central nervous system of a person are, first of all, drugs for suppressing appetite, as well as biogenic stimulants.
- Medications that act on the central nervous system, and painkillers, for example, substances like opium, codeine and other potent drugs for cough.
- Analgesics of peripheral action, for example, pain relievers.
- Sleeping pills.
Most of the above drugs are prescribed by the attending physician. Sometimes strong soothing agents are prescribed to facilitate the care of elderly patients. Dependence is manifested if a patient without strong doctor's instructions takes potent drugs in large quantities.
Treatment of drug dependence
After the establishment of painful drug dependence, a person must necessarily undergo a course of treatment in a psychiatric clinic. Passage of a special course of treatment will help the patient get rid of this dependence. In order for the disease to not resume, the patient after the treatment must spend some time under the supervision of a psychotherapist and social worker.
With painful drug dependence, a person can not help himself.
A person who has noticed that he can not live without a certain medicine or has a craving for it should inform his treating doctor about it as soon as possible. However, most people with painful drug dependence do not recognize themselves as sick and deny their dependence. They are difficult to persuade to consult a doctor.
First of all, the doctor will conduct a thorough examination of the patient, determine whether the medications used are the cause of somatic (physical) changes, will ask the patient if he uses medicines only according to the doctor's prescription.
If the patient takes the medicine on his own initiative, he should inform the doctor about the doses and duration of the drug. Later the doctor will prescribe to the patient a course of treatment of drug dependence.
Course of the disease
Depending on the active substances that make up the drug, and the dose taken, mental and physical personality changes appear. A person with drug dependence is often unable to control the situation and takes medicine, even if this is not necessary. When an overdose of drugs may appear somatic changes.
If you take any medicine for a long time, you should always follow the doctor's instructions. If they become ill, it is not recommended to use medicines at their own discretion. Ask advice from a doctor or pharmacist.