What is a common cold?

Medicine1

As folk wisdom says, the runny nose is not a disease, with appropriate treatment it passes for a week, and in the absence of treatment - for seven days. Rhinitis is a condition in which the mucous membrane, due to inflammation, produces more secretion, the excess of this secret begins to be released through the nose. Acute coryza is often the first symptom of various colds (for example, colds, measles, flu, pertussis, etc.). In addition to acute, there are also chronic and allergic rhinitis.

Symptoms

  • Deterioration of general well-being.
  • Burning and tickling in the nose.
  • Deterioration of nasal breathing.
  • First a transparent and then a purulent secret is allocated.
  • Edemas or inflamed mucous membrane of the nose.
  • In severe form of rhinitis - a secret with an admixture of blood.

The German popular proverb says that the runny nose "walks three days until it comes, three days it happens and three days are getting ready to leave." With acute rhinitis this statement is pretty close to the truth. As a rule, the first symptoms of a common cold are general malaise, dryness, burning, itching and tickling in the nasal cavity, sneezing. After the initial stage, a secret begins to be highlighted, which at first appears transparent, and after a while purulent. An allergic rhinitis appears suddenly and is very strong. From the nose, fluid begins to be released, and the connective membrane of the eye is often affected. For a cold caused by chemical or mechanical irritants, the acute onset and intensity are also characteristic.

Causes

Most common colds are caused by various viruses, which today are known for more than 100 varieties. It was noticed that in spring, summer and autumn rhinitis is caused by one virus, and in the late fall and winter - by others. Bacteria can significantly complicate the course of rhinitis. In addition, the cold may cause chemical or mechanical irritants. In people with allergies, allergens also cause severe nasal congestion and lacrimation. The cause of nasal congestion can be psychological. Chronic rhinitis can be caused by endocrine disorders.

Treatment

A common cold in the treatment practically does not need. However, with a strong edema of the nasal mucosa and a large amount of secreted secret, vasoconstrictive medications (various nasal drops) are prescribed. When using medicines, the edema of the nasal mucosa decreases, less secretion is released and breathing is facilitated.

Treatment of a chronic cold is performed taking into account the results of the tests. In addition to nasal drops, other medicines are prescribed (for example, in case of allergic rhinitis, antihistamines are prescribed).

A small amount of snot can be treated independently with the help of nasal drops. The doctor should be consulted if the runny nose lasts more than 10 days or is lingering and regularly repeated.

The doctor will carefully examine the nose and throat of the patient. In the case of chronic rhinitis, the paranasal sinuses are often affected, so the doctor will take an X-ray. If the secret, allocated from the nose, with an admixture of blood, the doctor will take the sample for microscopic analysis. The fact is that such discharge from the nose can be a symptom of more serious diseases. In the case of an allergic rhinitis with the help of tests, it is established which substances cause the patient an allergic reaction.

Means of prevention

The main means - hardening, it strengthens the body's resistance to pathogens. In the "snot season" you have to wash your hands thoroughly, tk. The virus is often transmitted through unwashed hands. As the results of studies have shown, preventive use of vitamin C from the common cold does not protect.

 

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