Depression (from Latin depressio - suppression) is a painful condition, manifested by a depressed, depressed mood with inhibition of thoughts, movements, and a violation of the activity of internal organs. This is a serious, recurrent, mental illness. Depression is one of the most common mental disorders. It affects about 25% of all people.
Unlike the temporary decrease in the psychophysical tone that is characteristic of healthy people, depression is a state of absolute indifference to the environment, accompanied by a loss of inner motivations, interests, emotional reactions, "hardening" of the patient for hours in one posture. Depression deprives a person of the joy of life, makes him deeply vulnerable. During periods of exacerbation of the disease the patient comes to complete exhaustion.
Children and adolescents may also suffer from depression, but usually for the first time it appears in an elderly age. As a rule, people aged 30-50 are ill, in addition, women are exposed to this disease twice as often as men.
Symptoms of Depression
- Feelings of depression.
- Dizziness, fainting.
- Depletion of the body.
Causes of Depression
Depression can cause mental illness or trauma, exhaustion, disease of internal organs, as well as the changes occurring in the body associated with the aging process. Heredity also plays an important role. If one member of the family has been diagnosed with depression, this increases the probability of its manifestation in the remaining 15 times. Children whose parents suffered from depression are more likely to suffer from this disease than others. This is due to the fact that they tend to imitate the behavior of their parents. In addition, the causes of mental disorders can be, for example, sudden death of a loved one, deep disappointment in life, chronic overwork, etc.
Manifestations of depression
Depression manifests itself in different ways. Many patients experience a feeling of depression and various ailments: headache, chest tightness, back pain, digestive disorders, breathing, etc. It is often possible to establish an accurate diagnosis of the disease only after its manifestation. This depression is called hidden. Although depression is defined as an emotional disorder, its symptoms are divided into several groups. The main emotional symptoms are sadness and isolation. A person has a feeling of despair, he loses interest in life and pleasure from performing all or almost all types of activities, often cries, to him everything "seems in a black light." Cognitive symptoms are obsessive thoughts, pessimistic self-esteem and guilt. The person becomes passive, he has an impaired appetite and fatigue.
It is not always that people with depression have the symptoms described above. Sometimes they even look funny, but such euphoric states are short-lived. Some patients generally avoid talking about their illness and its consequences, while others, on the contrary, constantly complain and complain. A characteristic symptom of depression is the lack of energy and motivation. Patients lose the joy of life, they are isolated from the outside world.
Treatment of depression
It is treated with antidepressants and other medications, sometimes psychotherapy helps. Antidepressants are drugs that stimulate in the human body the formation of certain hormones that contribute to improving his mood. After the patient's condition is stabilized, he should be treated by a psychotherapist whose task is to find out the causes of depression. Some patients are helped by lithium preparations. Often, depression is accompanied by obsessive fears (phobias), for the treatment of which sedatives are used.
As a rule, a person who is depressed can not help himself. If you suspect a future exacerbation of the disease, you should urgently go to a psychotherapist or psychiatrist. The patient is recommended to regularly take medication prescribed by a doctor (even if the treatment lasts for years).
After 1-2 weeks after the birth of some women, postpartum depression is associated with hormone exchange disorders. Most often, depression of this type can be eliminated with the help of medications.