What is hysteria?
Hysteria is a mental illness, a pathological form of a person's reaction to an untenable or unacceptable situation for some reason. It is distinguished by the special suggestibility and self-suggestiveness of patients with a distinct tendency to "escape to illness", as well as by a marked demonstrativeness and theatricality of behavior with the search for sympathy and attention of others. Hysteria occurs in neuroses, all sorts of current somatic diseases, neurological and mental, organic insufficiency of the central nervous system (in the presence of severe infections or brain injuries). It used to be that only women suffer from hysteria.
Symptoms of hysteria
- Impairment of personality development.
Causes of hysteria
Any, even insignificant, stress can provoke a fit of hysteria. In medicine, there is the concept of "hysterical personality". The key feature of the hysterical personality is the constant need for attention of others. Attention is attracted by demonstrativeness, exaggerated emotional experiences, manipulations. If there is no proper attention, the hysterical person reacts with tears, irritability, anger, sometimes demonstrative suicide attempts, which usually do not result in death or any serious consequences. In this case, the true motives of behavior are denied, the behavior is explained by other, convenient hysterical reasons. Hysterical persons are suggestible, but suggestibility is selective: they easily believe in what they want to believe, but to convince them of the opposite is almost impossible.
There is another form of hysteria - the so-called. Mass hysteria. This rapid spread of behavior patterns characterized by a transmitting anxiety can simultaneously reach thousands of people. Cases of mass hysteria are observed at political rallies, concerts, etc.
Treatment of hysteria
Treating hysteria is not easy. Close people often surround the patient with excessive love and care, which sometimes becomes a fertile ground for the defiant and theatrical behavior of the hysterical personality, which requires more and more attention. Attacks of hysteria often occur in children. The patient, suffering from hysteria, is well susceptible to suggestion, so many therapeutic methods associated with suggestion, for example, hypnosis, can be applied to it.
Self-treatment of hysteria can not be dealt with. Sometimes, with time, the symptoms of hysteria disappear spontaneously.
With hysteria, a person can have very strong physical ailments, for example, chills, weakness in the legs, etc. In the presence of these symptoms a person should urgently consult a doctor.
The doctor, first of all, will exclude the possible physical causes of the ailments. And only a psychiatrist can establish the true cause of the disease and begin treatment for hysteria.
Course of the disease
As a result of hysteria, symptoms of a variety of diseases can arise: brain tumor, intestinal obstruction, articular rheumatism, epilepsy. Most often there are "hysterical" paralysis: gait disturbance, paralysis of the hands, violation of the sensitivity of the hands and feet, paralysis of the sense organs, which can be manifested by complete loss of voice, blindness, deafness. During a hysterical attack, patients sometimes suddenly become choking or unable to move; Urinary retention is also possible. Symptom of hysteria can be pain, but with a detailed examination, no violations of internal organs are detected. Symptoms of hysteria can be a clouding of consciousness, a strong tremor. However, all the symptoms of hysteria can be feigned to the sick to attract the attention of others.
A few decades ago hysteria was a "fashionable" diagnosis, now psychiatrists diagnose it less and less. Depression is now considered a "fashionable" disease.