What is mania and delirium?
The mood of a person changes several times during the day. But he can control these mood changes. The inability of a person to control his mood is manifested by mental disorders - mania, depression. Mania is characterized by a change in mood, a lot of ideas, insomnia, exaggerated self-esteem. People with mania are extremely sensitive and irritable, their plans are often unrealistic and not feasible. Sometimes the illusion of unlimited power, supernatural powers, or power can turn into hallucinations. Variability of mood is accompanied by a change in thinking, speech, a violation of autonomic functions.
Brad is a symptom of a mental disorder, manifested in false judgments, inferences that have only a subjective justification and are not amenable to correction. It seems rather strange that a person with an adequate behavior in a certain situation suddenly changes and begins to assert that he is being persecuted, willing to poison or that he is extraordinarily and fabulously rich, or is "the executor of the will of God." Delirium is a violation of thinking and behavior that arises from inadequate perception of one's feelings and sensations. No logical arguments can persuade the patients, they are completely sure of their rightness. Some patients are aggressive, but this behavior is rare, they often try to commit suicide. Mania is a mental disorder characterized by heightened mood, motor excitement, accelerated thinking, and talk.
Symptoms of mania and delirium
- The emergence of delusional ideas.
- Unconditional adherence to delusional ideas.
- Rejection of logical arguments.
Causes of mania and delirium
Mania and delirium can be associated with a variety of other diseases. These disorders of the psyche can cause some medications. Delusions and hallucinations rarely arise as a separate disease. More often it is a symptom of some mental illness, for example, schizophrenia, depression, manic-depressive psychosis, alcoholism and other severe mental illnesses.
Treatment of mania and delirium
Treatment depends on the form of delirium. Typically, the therapist tries to justify the nonsense and restructure it so that the patient can again adequately perceive himself and the world around him. Usually prescribed antipsychotics, which calm and relieve emotional tension, and also have a positive effect on the course of the underlying illness. Often the patient has to be placed in a psychiatric clinic.
A patient suffering from delusional ideas is very difficult to force to be treated: he does not recognize himself as a patient. Usually, when certain symptoms of such patients appear, the family members lead to the doctor.
During the conversation, the doctor using a special psychological test will try to establish the presence or absence of delirium or mania. In certain cases, the doctor can perform an electroencephalogram, wishing to make sure there are no organic changes in the brain.
Types of mania and delirium
- Mania of persecution is the most common form of delirium. The patient is convinced that he is under constant surveillance or is being persecuted.
- The megalomania - the patient believes that he is the greatest, most beautiful, rich and powerful.
- Delusional ideas of the relationship - the patient seems that everything around him has a special relationship to him. In this case, the usual course of life, relations between people acquire a special meaning for the patient.
- The delirium of sinfulness or guilt - the patient suffers from a sense of guilt or the perfect, in his opinion, the greatest sin. He is waiting for retribution and is convinced that he will soon have to die.
- Hypochondriac delirium - the patient is convinced that he suffers from a severe, incurable disease.
- Collective delirium is a rare form of delirium, when two or more people are subject to the same delusional idea. It is extremely difficult to distinguish a non-dangerous superstition from true delusions.