Multiple sclerosis


Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease of the nervous system, which causes damage to the surrounding nerve fibers of the brain and spinal cord of the myelin sheath, as a result of which the function of these nerves is disrupted. Damage to the membrane can occur in different places, so the disease is called multiple sclerosis. Depending on the affected area, various disorders occur, for example, muscle tension, paralysis, imbalance and coordination, skin sensitivity disorders, gallbladder dysfunction and urinary incontinence function, intellectual disorders, depression, trigeminal neuralgia, paralysis of the motor muscles of the eye Apple, optic nerve damage, loss of vision.

A distinctive feature of multiple sclerosis is that the disease can periodically exacerbate, and sometimes its symptoms are almost not manifested. Sometimes the disease is consistently severe. Multiple sclerosis affects people aged 30-40 years, while in women this disease occurs 3 times more often than men. Until now, there is no unambiguous answer about the causes of multiple sclerosis. It is believed that the influence has a genetic predisposition, viral infections, craniocerebral trauma. The disease manifests itself in different symptoms, so it is difficult to diagnose it.

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease of the brain and spinal cord. The disease begins slowly, most often after cerebral trauma, birth-related infections, poisoning. When the disease worsens, the patient's health deteriorates sharply. After a while, the patient's well-being stabilizes and even slightly improves. The disease covers the main neurological functions - motor skills, cognitive activity. The patient's mood is bad, headaches are aggravated, memory disorders appear. Often, it is diagnosed by eye damage, when suddenly suddenly or irreversibly lose sight. Equilibrium, motor skills may also be disturbed, there may be trembling, speech and psyche may be upset. In addition, there are difficulties in controlling urination and emptying. Inflammatory changes are also present in the spinal cord, regulation of the pelvic organs functions is affected.

Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

  • Doubling in the eyes.
  • Dizziness.
  • Hearing loss.
  • Noise in ears.
  • Involuntary movements.
  • Disturbances of movement and sense of balance.
  • Difficulty in urinating and emptying.
  • Paralysis.

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

Some people think that this disease is caused by a viral infection, others say that multiple sclerosis is caused by the formation of small blood clots in the blood vessels of the brain. There is an assumption that some people inherit this disease, others inherit only a tendency to disease.

Treatment of multiple sclerosis

Treatment of the disease is carried out in the hospital by hormones, drugs that suppress the sensitivity of the body and other drugs. To prevent the disease is not exacerbated, in spring and autumn are assigned vitamins of group B and vitamin C. You can not smoke, take alcohol, overstrain, catch cold. Rehabilitation, motion therapy is very important.

If you experience any visual impairment, hearing or a sense of balance, if you have difficulty with the functions of the locomotor system, you should contact your doctor.

The doctor thoroughly examines the patient. Treatment of multiple sclerosis is appointed taking into account the factors that caused the disease.

Course of the disease

First one or both legs weak, sometimes they numb, itch, upset urination and emptying. In the initial stage, spontaneous recovery is possible. In addition, the disease for no apparent reason can stop progressing.

Is Multiple Sclerosis Dangerous?

Most patients are destined to physical infirmity until the end of life. Over time, the patient himself can not dress and move. After 3-5 years a person becomes disabled.

When symptoms of multiple sclerosis occur, you should consult a doctor. Perhaps this is not multiple sclerosis, but some other disease that can be treated only if it is started on time.

Frequently, multiple sclerosis means a life in a wheelchair for the patient. However, in 30-40% of patients there can be improvements. Symptoms of the disease can disappear partially or completely after a while.

In patients with multiple sclerosis, there are many problems, so they need additional help.

Multiple sclerosis and mental state

People with a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis are often afraid of exacerbation of the disease, so they are nervous, feel pity for themselves, they think that they are thrown out of life. These experiences can lead to severe depression. Help in such cases can be a professional doctor-psychotherapist.

Multiple sclerosis and family

Professional advice can be provided by family counseling services. Partly family therapy is also practiced by psychologists. In certain situations, a family member may visit a psychologist or psychiatrist.

Multiple sclerosis and sexuality

Multiple sclerosis often manifests physical and mental problems associated with sexuality. It is very important to talk with the patient about possible sexual disorders.

Multiple sclerosis and pregnancy

Pregnancy, as a rule, does not have a negative effect on the course of the disease. Most patients during this period feel even better, feel a surge of strength and energy. However, before planning pregnancy, a woman should consult a gynecologist and a neurologist.

Multiple sclerosis and work

Most people with multiple sclerosis can perform their normal work for many years. However, at an aggravation they can not cope with their duties. Then you need to retrain, change your job.


1. Schizoid neurosis
2. Sexual perversion
3. Psycho-vegetative Syndrome
4. Psychosomatic diseases
5. Speech disorders