What is narcissism?

Narcissism - excessive narcissism and overestimated self-esteem, not corresponding to reality. Narcissism manifests itself in specific sexual behavior. According to Z. Freud, every child experiences a period characterized by a strong sense of narcissism. With the normal development of the child's personality, this does not cause harm and is normal. Psychologists narcissism is divided into primary (aspirations associated with passion, directed to his own personality or to others) and secondary, or painful narcissism (the attraction is directed only at one's own personality). Self-esteem of a person with morbid narcissism is very high and far from reality. Such a person wants people around him to admire him, and puts all his strength to it. He considers himself an exceptional person, absorbed in fantasies about his successes, beauty and strength; Becomes selfish, he does not care for close people, he is not able to sympathize and sincerely love, such a person uses others to achieve his own goals.

Psychology of narcissism

  • Narcissism.
  • Heightened self-esteem.
  • The desire to admire your body in the mirror.
  • Arrogance.
  • Intolerance to criticism.
  • The purpose of life is to arouse the admiration of others.

Causes of Narcissism

Narcissism can arise if a person in childhood felt a lack of maternal love and affection. The child tries in every possible way to compensate for this deficit. He creates his "I", representing himself as the center of the universe, and idealizing his parents. In an unfavorable course, a narcissistic personality disorder arises, characterized by an inadequate belief in one's own greatness, an inner void, heightened sensitivity to criticism. In the absence of recognition of others, the self-confidence of a person due to an erroneous self-assessment is transformed into a feeling of inferiority, various phobias and complexes arise.

Treatment of narcissism

Teenage narcissism usually does not pose a danger and in due course passes spontaneously. Apply behavioral therapy only in case of atypical behavior. Usually such people do not suffer from neuroses, they only overestimate self-esteem. That is why they do not have the slightest doubt about the correctness of their behavior.

Course of the disease

A person with a narcissistic personality disorder loves only himself. The purpose of his life is to arouse admiration of those around him. He has a morbid self-esteem and overestimated self-esteem. Surrounding people and relatives need to be patient and understanding when dealing with a person suffering from narcissistic personality disorder.

Dependence on admiration

Such a person is extremely dependent on admiration and recognition of people around him. Otherwise, loss of self-esteem occurs, which can lead to deep depression, such people are often prone to suicide. Often narcissism manifests itself and abnormal sexual behavior. Especially it is characteristic for intensely masturbating teenagers. Masturbation is given too much importance, which in time can negatively affect a person's sexual life.


Constant masturbation with time becomes familiar, there is a sexual attraction to yourself. An adult can not do without self-satisfaction, even if there is a possibility of a normal sexual life.

Where did the name narcissism come from?

The Roman poet Ovid told the legend of a beautiful Greek youth who rejected the love of the nymph Echo. For which he was cruelly punished by the goddess of love Aphrodite. Narcissus madly fell in love with his reflection in the stream. The gods turned it into a lovely flower - a daffodil. This theme was reflected in the novel by Herman Gecce "Narcissus and Goldmund."


1. Multiple sclerosis
2. Speech disorders
3. Static psychosis
4. Cyclothymia
5. Schizophrenia