What is persecution mania?
For a person is characterized by an individual perception of reality. A strongly distorted view of reality, which can not be explained either by experience or by the laws of logic, is called a mania.
Most mental disorders are characterized by obsessive thoughts. Disorders of thoughts are manifold. These include delusions (distortion and denial of reality), fears, obsessive-compulsive disorders (obsessive thoughts and actions), mania (paranoia). The reality in the mind of a person suffering from mania can be distorted beyond recognition. For example, a person who is afraid of poisoning, does not drink or eat anywhere. Someone thinks that he is being pursued by the security service. The most common form of paranoia is the persecution mania. A person suffering from a persecution mania is confident that someone is following him or threatened him. Forms of persecution mania are manifold. In some patients, manic ideas arise only sometimes, at other times their thoughts and actions are quite normal. Other patients have more serious problems. Confidence that someone is following them, becomes an important part of their life. Patients with this form of paranoia do not consider themselves unhealthy.
Symptoms of persecution mania
- Thoughts that someone constantly harasses and threatens.
- Closure and self-isolation.
- Attacks of aggression.
Causes of Persecution Mania
Excessive suspicion can also appear in healthy people. However, in the presence of mania, suspicion reaches such a degree that it disrupts the adaptation of a person. Often the pursuit mania is a concomitant symptom of schizophrenia. But it can also occur when you abuse alcohol or drugs.
Treatment of persecution mania
If mania is caused by alcohol or drugs, you need to abandon them as soon as possible. If the cause of mania is schizophrenia, then in this case both mania and the underlying disease are treated. To improve the patient's condition, psychotropic medications are usually prescribed. If the persecution mania is manifested in an acute form, then an electric shock is sometimes used. With successful drug treatment, the patient is prescribed various rehabilitation procedures.
People who suffer from paranoia do not realize their illness and deny any evidence of its presence. Therefore, they almost never consult a doctor. Only relatives and friends can persuade them to seek medical help.
The doctor examines the patient, patiently talks to him. If the patient suffers from an easy form of persecution mania, psychotropic medications will be prescribed. The doctor can also apply family therapy, in which the family members of the patient take part. In severe cases, the patient is referred to a psychiatric clinic, especially if it is assumed that he can harm himself or others.
It is important to take regular medications, otherwise the disease may have a relapse.
Course of the disease
Mania of persecution is a chronic mental illness, which proceeds in different ways. The disease is prone to relapse. Usually persecution mania can be controlled with the help of drug treatment.
Is the mania of persecution dangerous?
In severe disease (for example, if it is accompanied by attacks of aggression), the patient can be dangerous, both for himself and for others.
If you suspect that one of the people around you has a mental illness, try to persuade him to see a doctor. The matter is that the paranoiac does not realize the illness, therefore itself never begins to search for the help.