Psychiatry

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease of the nervous system, which causes damage to the surrounding nerve fibers of the brain and spinal cord of the myelin sheath, as a result of which the function of these nerves is disrupted. Damage to the membrane can occur in different places, so the disease is called multiple sclerosis. Depending on the affected area, various disorders occur, for example, muscle tension, paralysis, imbalance and coordination, skin sensitivity disorders, gallbladder dysfunction and urinary incontinence function, intellectual disorders, depression, trigeminal neuralgia, paralysis of the motor muscles of the eye Apple, optic nerve damage, loss of vision. A...

Speech disorders

Usually, children start talking after reaching about one year. Girls start talking before boys. The correct pronunciation of complex words children master about the fourth year of life. Speech is an extremely complex process in which various organs of the speech apparatus participate. An exact interaction of the lungs, larynx, muscles of the tongue and lips should be ensured. Symptoms of speech disorders Wrong pronunciation of words. The child does not shout, does not pronounce some letters and sounds. Pain when pronouncing words. A child older than 5 years does not yet say. Causes of speech disorders The speech of a person can be disturbed due to congenital anomalies of...

Static psychosis

Static psychosis is a mental illness caused by progressive brain atrophy. It develops in people older than 65 years. Violations can be different: inability to evaluate what is happening, anamnestic disorientation, memory decay, dementia, etc. Symptoms of senile psychosis Decreased interest in previously significant activities. Inability to concentrate, disturbance of thinking, memory and speech. Violations of coordination of movements. Personality changes. Causes of senile psychosis The most common cause is degenerative processes in the brain. But sometimes there is senile melancholy, for which organic changes in the brain are not characteristic. Treatment of senile...

Cyclothymia

Cyclotemia - this is a significant mood swings from upbeat to depressed. This is an easy form of manic-depressive psychosis. The phases (depressive and manic) with cyclothymia are less pronounced. The main feature of the course of this manic-depressive psychosis is its periodicity. During the course of life, only the depressive phase or manic phase can be repeated. In addition, the phases can alternate. Known so-called. The dual type of flow: the phases change one another in a row, then the state improves. Cyclotemia usually begins in the spring or autumn. The duration of individual phases of the disease reaches six months. Women suffer more often than men, because they are more prone...

Schizophrenia

What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. Its main manifestations: personality change, decreased activity, autism, delirium, hallucinations, affective disorders, catatonia, etc. The course is predominantly chronic. Occurs more often at a young age. Mental Disorders In schizophrenia, there are disorders of thinking, manifested by inconsistency, incoherence or incompleteness of thoughts. Later the patient begins to pronounce meaningless words or combinations of sounds. Visual disturbances With the progression of the disease, visual perception is also disturbed, and spatial vision often changes: the patient can not correctly determine the dimensions of...