Hypotrophy is a chronic nutritional disorder in children, manifested in weight loss, loss or insufficiency of the increase in body weight, accompanied by a number of painful disorders. It can be congenital and acquired. Congenital malnutrition is caused by maternal diseases, bad habits of pregnant women, abnormal placenta position, etc. Acquired hypotrophy is manifested when the body receives too little nutrients or is not absorbed. Alimentary dystrophy is the exhaustion of the body of children and adults, developing mainly as a result of prolonged malnutrition. The causes and mechanisms of depletion of the body during hypotrophy and alimentary dystrophy are similar.
- Exhaustion. Weight loss.
- Decline of physical strength.
- Diarrhea and urge to urinate.
- Puffy face.
Patients with dystrophy begin to urinate more often. Sometimes there are swelling, swelling of the face, first of all eyelids and cheeks, later from the water accumulating in the body, the lower limbs and abdomen greatly increase. In those countries of the world where there are many starving, the stomachs of children are very large. This form of dystrophy manifests itself in the absence of proteins.
Because of water, the body weight of a person becomes much greater than normal. At first glance, it seems healthy: the body has not lost weight, the skin glitters, it is soft and supple. However, most often the skin has a yellowish tinge, when pressed on it, the patient experiences pain. With insufficient nutrition and dystrophy the heart has a heavy load, blood circulation of internal organs is disturbed; Affects the stomach and intestines, which begin to "self-eat." As a consequence - diarrhea.
If a person is undernourished, then he lacks the most necessary vitamins, so there may be bleeding, damage to the peripheral nerves, weakening of mental activity or increased irritability.
Millions of people die of hunger all over the world. Dystrophy or hypotrophy can be not only nutritional (when due to war or a crop failure there is not enough food). Nutrition can also occur with certain diseases. These are digestive disorders, a violation of absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract, esophagus, stomach, bowel contraction, lack of appetite, diabetes, cancer and other serious illnesses, as well as alcohol and smoking abuse; Mental illness in which a person begins to eat less (anorexia, depression).
Treatment of dystrophy
First of all, it is necessary to establish the cause that caused the eating disorder. Therefore, the patient is carefully examined: the search for metabolic, oncological, inflammatory and allergic diseases, hormonal exchange disorders is being conducted. The main disease is treated, the patient must adhere to a diet that stimulates the recovery processes in the body. In severe cases, it is necessary to inject nutrient solutions into the vein with the help of a dropper.
If the human body does not receive the necessary substances for a long time, it starts using the stock. First of all, reserves of fat are used. It seems that there would be nothing wrong with it, but at the same time the process of disintegration of proteins of the human body begins and muscle tissue is affected. First, the disappearance of adipose tissue is manifested by a decrease in the elasticity and elasticity of the skin. Symptoms of muscle atrophy are observed: rapid fatigue, decreased physical strength and increasingly progressive weakness.
A person, having started eating less, should not be afraid of the negative consequences of a diet (of course, if he is under the supervision of a doctor). However, for a sickly person, the lack of nutrition is very dangerous: in case of a disease even a very mild infectious disease of his life can be threatened.
After birth, middle-aged women have a special form of exhaustion. When the pituitary gland is broken, the fat tissue begins to disintegrate. In this case, the hip is particularly affected. Weight loss in girls during puberty arises for mental reasons, so young patients should be treated by psychotherapists.